Create swimming pond - step by step instructions

Create swimming pond - step by step instructions

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Creating a natural swimming pond is a great alternative to a conventional swimming pool. Here is a guide on how you should proceed.

A swimming pond is particularly suitable for large gardens

Swimming ponds can be easily integrated into larger gardens. Characteristic for a swimming pond is the interplay of nature (e.g. by planting parts of the water area and the bank edge) and crystal-clear, biologically maintained bathing water.

If you are now thinking about creating such a swimming pond, then we have here a step-by-step guide for you, how you should best proceed and what you have to consider.

Create swimming pond - step by step instructions

Step 1 - planning:

Ideally, you should first plan the size (from approx. 70 square meters), depth and shape of your future swimming pond, before you venture into detailed planning in the form of the terrace area next to the swimming pond, bridges, bridges and terrace-shaped entrances, etc.

" Tip:

For a detailed plan, you can of course also hire a specialized garden planner (garden architect) or an appropriately competent nursery.

Professional planners also divide a swimming pond into a pure bathing area and a pure plant area. This makes maintenance of the swimming pond much easier later on and ensures an adequate supply of oxygen.

Furthermore, you should always have an electrical connection near the swimming pond and, if necessary, sanitary facilities, e.g. in the form of a free-standing shower.

Step 2 - excavation:

Due to their size and depth (on average 2 meters in the middle), swimming ponds must generally be excavated with a small excavator. For which it is then advisable to commission a specialist company. You can also rent such an excavator.


You should provide a detailed plan for the excavation and set up a batter board beforehand.

Step 3 - determine the shape of the swimming pond:

After the excavation has been completed, the fine work is carried out directly in order to display the shape of the swimming pond that you want later as perfectly as possible. It is necessary that you fasten the steps (such as terrace-shaped entrances) very well and rework the later shape as lifelike as possible so that you can then easily spread the necessary pond liners on it.

" Tip:

One possibility for the delimitation of individual pond areas is that you design dimensionally available demarcation bags. With these softly filled sacks, each individual water area can be easily formed without much effort and without any prior knowledge.

Step 4 - removal:

You should start to expand your swimming pond by laying generously overlapping pond liner within the excavation area. You can fix this film at any time with so-called plastic edge strips and associated fastening posts, which are specially offered for pond construction. On top of that, the pond liner on the bank area can be covered well with soil and weighed down with beautiful boulders.

If the pond liner is damaged during the removal (a crack occurs), you can glue a foil stain directly onto it using specially available adhesive.

" Tip:

In the specialist trade, complete kits for the construction of a swimming pond are now offered, which a rather inexperienced pond gardener can easily and happily fall back on.

Step 5 - equipment:

Even a natural swimming pond cannot do without technical equipment, such as a filter pump, a compressor for oxygen enrichment, etc. Depending on the size and shape of your swimming pond, you must therefore integrate an appropriate technology shaft in or at the pond.

Furthermore, the equipment of a swimming pond also includes a footbridge, an entry ladder, a bank seat and the like. For all equipment details, you should use natural materials as often as possible.

" Tip:

Cladding made of larch wood is extremely durable and relatively easy to maintain, despite the most varied weather conditions.

Step 6 - planting:

A swimming pond should ideally be equipped with hardy pond plants that proliferate as little as possible within the plant pool. Why planting with water lilies is often discouraged. However, the following are particularly recommended for planting a swimming pond:

  • water lilies blooming in different colors (full sun)
  • the water star (oxygen supplier also during the winter months)
  • the thousand-sheet (for flat areas)
  • Water primrose (partial shade)
  • Kalmus (good filter plant)
  • Faucet foot (for deeper areas)

" Tip:

The individual aquatic plants in the swimming pond are usually planted in a nutrient-poor substrate. It is recommended that you choose a fairly fine-grained substrate for the lower layer, in which the pond plants can usually root better. You should then fill up the upper layers with coarse-grained substrate.

As for the edge of the bank, you can plant it as you like. However, reeds, bamboo cane and pampas grass look particularly beautiful here.

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