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Soil improvement through green manuring - explained step by step

Soil improvement through green manuring - explained step by step

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Fertilizer from the trade or prefer to use compost? Neither one! Better improve your garden soil with green manuring. We show how to do it.

Plants can also be a good fertilizer

The use of a chemical fertilizer should always be absolutely taboo in the garden. You should rather use compost or improve your garden soil in a completely different way - namely by green manuring. With a special planting you can easily improve the soil in your garden. We will now explain step by step how you can set up such a foundation to improve the soil.

Instructions for carrying out green manuring

➤ Step 1 - buy soil mix:

There are many plants that not only look beautiful, but also improve the soil. This includes, for example, the blue lupine. It ensures optimal floor ventilation. In contrast, the cultivation of yellow mustard reduces the growth of weeds in the garden bed and at the same time promotes fertility. The student flowers also have a positive effect on soil fatigue and the intensive roots of Phaecelia as well as that of alfalfa or buckwheat loosen the soil sustainably.

Of course there are many other plants that contribute to soil improvement. For this reason, special gardening mixes containing a wide variety of plants are now even offered in gardening stores. Some of them have a very colorful floral display, so sowing them is also visually recommended. The blends are available, for example, with tagetes, marigolds, rudbeckia and gaillardia. First of all, buy a suitable product.

➤ Step 2 - Apply soil mixture:

Then spread the soil mixture in April / May by spreading it loosely, working it minimally into the garden soil with a rake and watering it well. Due to the average growth time of only 8 to 21 days, a colorful carpet of flowers forms in early summer, which sometimes even persists into autumn.

So that the plants can develop their full effect, you should water them sufficiently on dry days. Otherwise you do not have to do anything else.

➤ Step 3 - Work plants into the soil in spring:

As a rule, floor treatments are usually only applied every year. An exception is the violet flowering alfalfa, which can remain in the garden as a substitute for lawn for up to three years. However, most of the regular floor treatments (which are often also called “floor doctor”) are not hardy, so they freeze back on their own due to the winter frost. This in turn offers a great advantage: You can work the plant remains in the garden soil in spring. In this way, they provide the soil with many important nutrients (comparable to humus).