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Whether tomatoes, lettuce or beans - if you want to grow vegetables yourself, you should prepare a growing plan in good time. We'll show you how to do it.Make a sketch
If it is still crisp and cold outside, this is the right time to think about growing vegetables in the next gardening season. This is important because only if you create a carefully thought-out cultivation plan can you make the most of your garden and achieve good harvest success.
The whole thing also has another advantage: start planning the vegetable patches in good time, so you can already see which seeds you need and can buy them in good time. Once the gardening season starts, one or the other vegetable variety could become scarce.
In this article we would like to explain to you exactly how you create such a plan for growing vegetables and what you have to pay attention to. This applies both to the vegetable patch on the terrace / balcony and to the vegetable patch in the garden.
Instructions for creating an attachment plan
➤ Step 1 - Divide the vegetable beds:
Before it comes to the selection of vegetables, you should first determine the size and location of the individual beds. The easiest way is with a rough sketch on which you draw a floor plan of the garden and then divide the area. It is important when dividing the beds that you remember not to lay them out too wide, otherwise you will not be able to work on them from all sides. A width of 130 centimeters has proven to be optimal.
The individual vegetable beds should also be divided by garden paths with a width between 30 and 50 centimeters. Low bed borders are also very nice or helpful. They visually enhance the vegetable patch and even keep some pests away from the beds. With larger populations of snails, a stable snail fence might even be recommended.
➤ Step 2 - select vegetables:
So after you have divided the garden, it is time to choose the vegetables. So first think about which types of vegetables you would like to grow and note them down. You should note that vegetables are always divided into two groups: main crops and pre- and post-crops.
The main crops are vegetables that have a long growth phase. For post-crops and pre-crops around vegetables that are ready to harvest very early or very late and only need a short time to grow. Now combine each main crop with a pre- or post-crop to create a crop rotation, which you can then grow in the same bed at different times.
➥ The main crops are:
Cucumbers, corn, carrots, potatoes
➥ Postcultures or pre-cultures include:
Corn salad, radishes, bush beans, kohlrabi, winter leek, winter leek, spinach
➤ Step 3 - Combine vegetables correctly:
If you have now determined which types of vegetables you want to grow, you have to consider another point. Vegetables are divided into heavy, medium and weak consumers. These three groups all have different nutritional requirements. It is also important that you combine strong and weak consumers or middle consumers with strong and weak consumers. However, you must never combine heavy feeders with other heavy feeders.
If you have now determined the main and pre- or post-crops, you still have to check whether they can really be planted in a bed. Strong, middle and weak teachers include:
➥ heavy feeder:
Potatoes, pumpkin, sweet corn, cabbage, zucchini
➥ Middle Eater:
Peppers, tomatoes, runner beans, leeks, cucumbers, endives, chard, radish, eggplants
Herbs, peas, lamb's lettuce, onions, radishes, bush beans
For all those who find it difficult to combine vegetables, here are two reading tips:
Which vegetables go well with each other?
Which vegetables don't harmonize with each other?
➤ Step 4 - Note the sowing dates & buy seeds:
Now that all types of vegetables and the division of the vegetable beds have been determined, you have to make a note of when the individual types of vegetables must be sown or planted. It is best to note these dates on your sketch. So you have all important information together.
After that, all you have to do is buy the individual vegetable seeds. However, please only use seeds from quality brands, otherwise you could experience unpleasant surprises. For example, that the seeds don't even sprout. Of course, you can also take your own seeds. Then you should do a germ test beforehand to see if the seeds are still germinable.